Introduction:In this project, we design and construct an incubator. An incubator is a machine that is used for hatching chicken eggs. This incubator can almost hatch all kinds of bird eggs. This idea is also useful for infant incubators in the medical field. In an infant incubator, you need to control a few more parameters. like oxygen level, Co2 level, etc.
There is a lot of application of the incubator projects in industries.
If we don’t use incubator technology. Then it will affect all the food industries. Chickens are one of the most used food items in the world.
Normally the natural Way of Eggs hatching rate is very low while in incubator technology the rate of hatching is very high. We can produce a lot of healthy chicks with the help of an incubator without any problems.
In this project, we will be designed and construct an incubator. For the incubatorproject, few parameters are needed to be controlled. These parameters are like a mother chicken give to there eggs to hatch them. First of all, we need an insulated box for that we need a rectangular type metal frame and all the sides of which are cover with a glass. Inside of this box, we need to control a few parameters. we need to control the temperature for which we need a temperature sensor. A humidity sensor is used to control humidity. For Air circulation, we need a small Fan. We also need a heater to maintain the incubator temperature.
We are Using Arduino uno to control all these sensors and all the Circuits of the incubator.
Egg turner is very important to prevent egg mortality. For egg turner a large container tray is needed to hold the eggs .the egg turner is further connected to the DC gear motor which controls its turning after every eight hours.
Temperature: The eggs need to be kept at 99.5 degrees at all times; just one degree higher or lower for a few hours can terminate the embryo.
Humidity: 40 to 50 percent humidity must be maintained for the first 18 days; 65 to 75 percent humidity is needed for the final days before hatching.
Ventilation: Eggshells are porous, allowing oxygen to enter and carbon dioxide to exit; incubators need to have holes or vents that allow fresh air to circulate so the fetuses can breathe.
Scope of my project
We can use the Incubator project in both domestic and industrial levels.
The system worked according to specification and proved quite satisfactory. It is relatively affordable, durable and efficient. Hence, it gives room for ease of operation and a high level of reliability.
Hello, Friends, My name is Mohsin Habib and I am an Electrical Engineer. I have Experience In Circuit Designing, Arduino Projects, PLC’s Projects, HMI Designing, Networking and much more.
I have done lots of projects in Arduino.